Kurzbeschreibung
Sie liegt 500 Kilometer vor der Küste Costa Ricas, sie ist 24 km2 groß, unbewohnt und seit 1997 Weltnaturerbe: die Kokosinsel. Doch sie hat nicht allein überwältigende Naturschätze zu bieten; unzählige Schatzsucherlegenden ranken sich um das Eiland, das Robert Louis Stevenson zu seinem Klassiker Die Schatzinsel (1883) inspiriert haben soll. Ina Knobloch landete zum ersten Mal vor über 20 Jahren in naturwissenschaftlicher Mission auf der Insel und wurde unverhofft vom Schatzfieber gepackt. Besonders eine Legende hat sie in ihren Bann geschlagen: Seit 1821 soll der große Kirchenschatz von Lima, Gold und Juwelen im Wert von mehreren Milliarden Dollar, auf der Insel begraben liegen. Auf den Spuren der bekanntesten Piraten und Schatzjäger verfolgt die Autorin die Geschichte des spanischen Goldes. Ihre Recherchen führen sie nach Neufundland und zu Wirkungsstätten Stevensons in Kalifornien, Schottland und der Schweiz, bis sich das Puzzle zusammenfügt. In ihrem Buch entführt Ina Knobloch den Leser in eine Welt voller Naturwunder und erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte der sagenumwobenen Kokosinsel. Sie liefert Indizien dafür, dass die Insel Stevenson tatsächlich als Vorlage für seinen Roman diente und dass dieser einen Schlüssel zum Versteck des großen Schatzes enthält.

Über den Autor
Ina Knobloch, promovierte Botanikerin, lebt als Filmproduzentin und freie Autorin in Frankfurt am Main. In den letzten 20 Jahren hat sie zahlreiche Reisen zur Kokosinsel unternommen und Dokumentarfilme für das ZDF und arte produziert. Daneben veröffentlichte sie Beiträge zu verschiedenen Themen in GEO, stern, Kosmos und der FAZ. »Es gibt Schatzjäger und Schatzfinder, ich gehöre zu letzteren.«

Erster Satz:

Immer wieder ist die Schatzinsel aus Robert Louis gleichnamigen Roman mit der costa-ricanischen Kokosinsel in Verbindung gebracht worden.

Letzter Satz:

Da die gezielte Suche danach verboten bleibt, werden es wohl Geologen, Archäologen und Naturwissenschaftler sein, die das Rätsel des größten Piratenschatzes aller Zeiten eines Tages lösen werden – und ich hoffe, dabei zu sein.

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Das Buch ist absolut fazinierend, egal, ob man sich für Literaturgeschichte, Piraten oder Costa Rica interessiert.

Die Autorin schafft es Stevensons Biographie und die Umstände um die Entstehung von *Die Schatzinsel* und die Geschichte der Piraterie / Südamerikas schlüssig zu verknüpfen. So hat Stevenson zum ersten Mal von der Kokosinsel in San Franzisco gehört, wo zufällig zu dieser Zeit ein ehemaliger Schatzsucher (und einziger Governour der Insel) lebt und mit ihm zusammentraf. Auch wie Lebensläufe mehr oder weniger unfreiwilliger Piraten in die Schatzinsel einflossen wird schlüssig und spannend erzählt. Richtig interessant wird das Buch, als die Autorin Stevensons Schatzkarte (siehe Material), welche der Originalausgabe der *Schatzinsel* vorangestellt worden ist, mit Erkenntnissen von Schatzjägern verknüpft und so den Fundort des *Kirchenschatzes von Lima* (Wer sich bemüßigt fühlt zu suchen: Wert ca. 30 Milliarden Dollar) präsentiert, auch wenn sie den Nachweis erbringt, dass Teile ins kanadische Neufundland gebracht worden sind.

Fazit:

Wer sich für Literaturgeschichte und / oder Piraten interessiert (oder einfach nur ein spannendes Buch lesen möchte) ist hier richtig. Beide Daumen nach oben.

# Gebundene Ausgabe: 224 Seiten
# Verlag: Mare Buchverlag Gmbh + Co; Auflage: 1 (24. Februar 2009)
# Sprache: Deutsch
# ISBN-10: 3866480970
# ISBN-13: 978-3866480971
# Größe und/oder Gewicht: 21,8 x 14,6 x 2,2 cm

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Bücher, die im Zusammenhang interessant sind:

Die Schatzinsel von Stevenson
Eigene Rezi folgt
Amazon
Leuchtfeuer – Die außergewöhnliche Geschichte von der Erbauung sagenumwobener Leuchttürme durch die Vorfahren von Robert Louis Stevenson

Reisen im Licht der Sterne: Eine Vermutung (Gebundene Ausgabe) von Alex Capus
Rezi folgt
Amazon

Long John Silver von Björn Larrsson
Rezi folgt
Amazon

 

DRadio

Das Geheimnis der toten Piraten

Redezeit: Ina Knobloch über das Geheimnis der Schatzinsel
Auf der Suche nach der Insel – und dem Schatz

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Die Inseln waren im Internet schwer zu finden, da es mehrere mit dem Namne gibt, u.a. auf Hawaii.

Cocos Island (Spanish: Isla del Coco) is an island located off the shore of Costa Rica. It constitutes the 11th district[1] (one of 13) of Puntarenas Canton of the province of Puntarenas. [1]. It is one of the National Parks of Costa Rica. It is located in the Pacific Ocean, approximately 550 km (340 mi) from the Pacific shore of Costa Rica,[2] at 05°31′08″N 087°04′18″W / 5.51889°N 87.07167°W / 5.51889; -87.07167. With an area of approximately 23.85 km² (9.2 mi²), about 8×3 km (5×1.9 mi) and a perimeter of around 23.3 km[3] this island is more or less rectangular in shape.
Surrounded by deep waters with counter-currents, Cocos Island is admired by scuba divers for its populations of Hammerhead sharks, rays, dolphins and other large marine species. The extremely wet climate and oceanic character give Cocos an ecological character that is not shared with either the Galapagos Archipelago or any of the other islands (e.g., Malpelo or Coiba) in this region of the world[4]

Wikipedia

Die Kokos-Insel (span. Isla del Coco, engl. Cocos Island) ist eine 24 km² große, unbewohnte Insel auf dem sogenannten Kokosrücken 500 km vor der Pazifikküste von Costa Rica. Sie gehört zur Provinz Puntarenas.[1]

Bekannt ist die Insel vor allem für die Schätze, die Piraten wie beispielsweise Benito Bonito, Henry Morgan oder Kapitän Thompson dort vergraben haben sollen. Es gab zahlreiche Expeditionen mit dem Versuch, sie zu finden, aber bis heute ist der einzige Schatz der Insel ihre unberührte Natur.

Einer der ausdauerndsten Schatzsucher war der Deutsche August Gissler (1857, Remscheid – 8. Aug. 1935, New York City), der von 1889 bis 1908 mit kurzen Unterbrechungen auf der Insel lebte. 1897 ernannte ihn die Regierung Costa Ricas sogar zum ersten und einzigen Gouverneur der Kokos-Insel. Gissler grub im Laufe der Jahre meterlange unterirdische Tunnelsysteme, die noch heute trotz zahlreicher Erdbeben betreten werden können. Gisslers Ziel war der Kirchenschatz von Lima, die goldene Madonna, die um 1820 von Kapitän Thompson auf der Insel versteckt worden sein soll. Gissler war sich seiner Sache sicher, da er zwei Karten aus zwei unterschiedlichen Quellen besaß, die den gleichen Ort als Versteck des Schatzes anzeigten. Parallel suchte Gissler aber auch nach dem Piratenschatz von Benito Bonito. Die Gelder für diese Suche wurden hauptsächlich über Investoren bereitgestellt, die in die hierfür eigens gegründete Cocos Plantation Company investierten. Einige Siedlerfamilien lebten deshalb für den Anbau von Tabak gemeinsam mit Gissler auf der Insel. Gissler blieb erfolglos: Er fand in zwanzig Jahren auf der Kokos-Insel lediglich sechs Goldmünzen.

Die Kokos-Insel gilt vermeintlich auch als Vorlage für den Roman Die Schatzinsel. Der Autor Robert Louis Stevenson erfuhr vermutlich 1880 von der Insel und dem sagenhaften Schatz aus Lima. Der Schweizer Walter Hurni hingegen glaubt Beweise zu haben, dass Stevenson den Kirchenschatz von Lima auf der Insel Tafahi – auf alten Karten auch Cocos Eilandt genannt – gefunden hat. Somit hätte das heutige Tafahi als Vorlage für den Roman Die Schatzinsel gedient. Die Recherchen von Walter Hurni wurden vom Schweizer Autor Alex Capus im Roman Reisen im Licht der Sterne veröffentlicht.

Wikipedia

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Karte der Kokos-Insel

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Isla del Coco

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Wasserfall

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Chatham Beach / Chatham Bay, die klassische Piratenbucht und bis heute einer von gerade zwei sicheren Ankerplätzden auf der Insel.
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Benito „Bloody Sword“ Bonito is the subject of a legend about a pirate who raided the west coast of the Americas. His career began around 1818 (supposedly because he could not sing) but from there on sources differ. According to one legend his ship was boarded by a British man-o‘-war after Bonito exited Port Phillip Bay after hiding the so called „Lost Loot of Lima“ sometime in 1821. He was given a drumhead trial and hanged.[1]

Another version of Benito’s legend ends with Benito committing suicide by putting his pistol to his head rather than allowing himself to be captured by British pirate hunters. Yet another states that Benito was betrayed by two British crewmen he had taken on previously.[2]

These legends of Bonito Benito are sometimes confused with those of the „Great Treasure of Lima“ given over to captain William Thompson to guard at sea from José de San Martín, a treasure Thompson made off with and hid on Cocos Island.

According to legend the „captain’s cut“ of Benito’s treasure, valued at over $300 million today, is still hidden somewhere on or around Queenscliff, Victoria.

Popular Australian urban legends relate that Benito hid his treasure in a cave near Queenscliff, Victoria (Australia) which was sealed by explosives and a later earthquake. Many excavations have taken place in the region without the treasure being uncovered.

Wikipedia

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Bildquelle
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Der Kirchenschatz von Lima (vermuteter Wert: 30 Millarden Dollar)

In 1820, Captain William Thompson was ordered to ship the treasure of the church of Lima with his brig, the Mary Dear, to Mexico. The story goes, that Thompson wasn’t able to resist the temptation of the treasure, killed the passengers and navigated with his crew to Cocos Island where he buried the treasure. It is estimated that the treasure of Lima was worth around $60,000,000. Captain Thompson later joined forces with pirate Benito Bonito and his crew was finally arrested when his ship came under attack of a British warship, but the Captain himself was able to escape. Under torture they all admitted that the treasure was hidden on Cocos Island. Captain Thompson himself died 1844 under the care of Keating, whom he told where the treasure was buried. Keating went to Cocos Island where he got into trouble with his crew but was able to flee with a small amount of gold. Since then, even until today, hundreds of treasure hunters went to Cocos Island and tried to find the treasure of Lima (most notably the German August Gissler), but none ever succeeded in even finding the smallest piece of gold. Even not with the newest techniques or by blowing up whole hills. Nevertheless, the legend of the treasure on the Cocos Island holds up and there are still dozens of treasure hunters each year which try to find the gold of the church of Lima, allegedly buried there by the mutinying Captain Thompson. [1] [2]

The Stevenson theory

The Swiss author Alex Capus suggests based on inquiries of Walter Hurni, that Robert Louis Stevenson, the author of Treasure Island, found the treasure of the church in Lima around 1890. Despite his episodic ill health, Stevenson shipped for two years from North America to Samoa in the South Pacific Ocean. After arriving there, he seemed to have undertaken a few mysterious sailing tours with unknown destinations. Capus discovered, and he assumes that Stevenson must have found out the same, that the then already called island of Tafahi near the Samoa island of Upolu (where Stevenson was living at the time), was called Coconut Island (or Cocos Eylant) at the time Captain Thompson was living and not many people at that time knew the island existed. Shortly after his arrival in Samoa and his mysterious sailing tours, Stevenson became very rich and built a big and expensive mansion in Samoa (Vailima) and none of his relatives ever had to work for their living again. Stevenson died from a stroke just four years after his arrival.[3] Stevenson was a successful author who continued to publish works and received substantial royalties from his works which by themselves could account for his wealth.


Wikipedia

Lure of Pirate Treasure
April 11, 1998 at 06:34:25

The Lure of pirate treasure. By Alan Hassell Copyright 09/04/98 All rights reserved.

Queenscilff is a seaside holiday resort situated near the head of Port Phillip Bay, Victoria. One of the attractions it offers the public is the lure of Pirate treasure. According to local legend, the pirate Benito Bonito, entered Port Phillip Bay sometime in 1821 and concealed in a cave a treasure known as the Lost Loot of Lima.

After doing so, he ventured out of the heads to continue his evil trade. Waiting for him outside was a British Man-O-War, which gave chase and eventually stormed Bonito’s ship. Following a DrumHead trial, Bonito was allegedly hanged at sea. The only crewmember to escape was a cabin boy who had a map tattooed on his arm.

Such is the attraction of this treasure; many expeditions and syndicates have sought the treasure spending thousands of dollars in the process, without recovering a single Spanish piece of eight.

The „Loot of Lima“ is one of the most sought after treasures and probably one of the most documented. Researchers, Historians, and authors all agree on one point that the so-called treasure is buried on a tiny island in the Pacific known as Coco’s Island.

Coco’s Island lies in Latitude 5 32′ 57″ North, Longitude 87 2′ 10″ West, about 550 miles due west of Panama City. It is sometimes confused with Coco’s Keeling Islands.

It became the perfect hideout and haunt of pirates dating the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries. Off the main shipping lanes, but still close enough to the rich Spanish colonies situated along the Coastline, it was strategically well situated to the pirates needs.

Coco’s offered safe anchorage and a plentiful supply of fresh water and coconuts from which the pirates brewed alcoholic beverages. Deposits of loot on Coco’s are associated with notorious names such as William Dampier, Edward Davis, Benito Bonito, Captain Thompson and some stories have it that even Captain Kidd buried his loot there too.

During a Trans Atlantic voyage a man named William Thompson, became friendly with another seaman John Keeting. One night, Thompson confided to Keeting and told the following story. In 1890, he had been at anchor in the British Brig „Mary Dear“ in the Port of Callao. Chile and Peru were at war; the Chilean army was about to attack the City of Lima. The Spanish has accumulated great wealth and riches at Lima. The largest collection being held in the Cathedral of Lima.

Amongst the collection of gold and silver artefacts, mostly encrusted with precious stones, was a life-size effigy of the Virgin Mary holding the divine child, reputedly made of solid gold and encrusted with jewels. The Spanish had gathered their riches together and transported them to Callao only to find the only ship in the harbour was the „Mary Dear.“

Thompson was trusted by the Spanish because of prior dealing with them in the past. He was commissioned to cruise off the coast for several weeks. Should Lima survive, he was to return the treasure to the Spanish Authorities in Panama.

The treasure was loaded onto the „Mary Dear“ together with six soldiers and two priests to guard it during the coming voyage. Thompson and his crew were overwhelmed at the value of the cargo they had stored in the holds of their ship and this immense fortune proved to be too great a temptation for him. Once they left port for the open sea, they waited until the guards and priest were asleep, then took the advantage of murdering them all and disposed of their bodies over the side of the ship. Thompson then set sail for Coco’s Island and anchored in Chatham Bay.

Two Bays, Chatham and Wafer Bay offer safe anchorage in the North of the island and both offer fresh water springs. There is also a smaller inlet in the South of the island called Bay of Hope where a landing could have easily been made. Thompson unloaded the „Mary Dear“ and his treasure in a cave in Chatham Bay goes one story, but in another he made an inventory which reads as follows.

„We have buried at a depth of four feet in the red earth: alter trimmings of cloth of gold with baldachin, monstances, chalices, comprising 1,244 stones; 1 chest; two reliquaries weighing 120 pounds, with 624 topazes, carnelian’s and emeralds, 12 diamonds; 1 chest; 3 reliquaries of cast metal weighing 160 pounds, with 860 rubies and various stones, 19 diamonds; 1 chest; 4,000 doubloons of Spain marked 8, 5,000 crowns of Mexico, 124 swords, 64 dirks, 120 shoulder belts, 28 rondaches (small shields); 1 chest; 8 caskets of cedar wood and silver with 3,840 cut stones, rings, platens and 4,265 uncut stones; 28 feet to the north-east at a depth of eight feet in the yellow sand; 7 chests with 22 candelabra in gold and silver, weighing 250 pounds, and 164 rubies, 12 armspans west; at a depth of 12 feet in the red earth. The seven foot Virgin of gold with the child of Jesus and her crown and pectoral of 780 pounds, rolled in her gold chasuble on which are 1.684 jewels. Three of these are four-inch emeralds on the pectoral and six are six-inch topazes on the crown. The seven crosses are of diamonds.“

Having hidden his treasures and shared out several chests of gold with his crew. He left the island and was sighted by the Spanish Frigate „Espsigle“ which engaged and captured them. The Spanish on finding some of the „|Loot of Lima“ on board hanged the crew sparing only Thompson and another man on condition they disclose the hiding place.

Returning to the island they were able to break away from the Spanish guards and took cover in the dense overgrowth. After they spent a week searching for them, the Spaniards finally gave up and sailed away. Some time later a passing whaling ship called into the island for water and found Thompson and the other man who died shortly after from a fever.

Thompsons mate’s name in some reports was Benito Bonito, in others it was a man named chapelle. After his rescue from Coco’s island, Thompson returned to the sea as a seaman, where he met Keating. Keating claimed Thompson gave him documents, maps and other information to recover the treasure concealed on the island. Since 1860 Coco’s Island has been known chiefly as a treasure-hunting site.

It appears that the „Loot of Lima“ as it is called lies not in Queenscilff as claimed by local residents, but on an island many miles away. Sir Captain John Williams who salvaged the Niagra became involved in Benito’s treasure when he was commissioned to dive at the scene in hope of recovering the virgin’s effigy. During an interview I conducted with him, he stated the individuals involved were a weird bunch. He agreed to accept the deal on condition he was paid in advance. He was told that there was an underwater cave with a ledge inside with the statue of the Virgin Mary resting there. Everything was as it was described to his diver’s except there was no virgin to be found. After which he was accused of cheating the syndicate he had done the work for.

Historians believe a shadowy figure of a man known as Benito Bonito did exist, although they believe this name was used to disguise his real identity. It is agreed that the true identity of Benito Bonito was Captain Bennett Grahame, a British naval officer who had served with none other than Lord Nelson.

In 1818 Grahame was sent to the Pacific in command of H.M.S. Devonshire to survey the coast between Cape Horn and Panama. Grahame soon tired of his mundane task and instead turned to piracy, his crew was given the option to join him or be put ashore in Panama.

Those that would not join him were instead taken to Coco’s island where after being put ashore were slaughtered by Grahame and his crew. Thus he became know as Benito Bonito of the Bloody Sword.

Treasure hunters, searching for the treasure years later uncovered a number of skeletons; these remains are believed to be members of Grahame’s crew. Apart from plundering richly laden Spanish vessels carrying cargoes of gold and silver Bonito also came ashore at a spot near Acapulco, Mexico where he seized a rich cargo of gold. According to reports he took it to Coco’s island and buried it in Wafer Bay.

One story tells of an occasion when Bonito spotted five Spanish ships, 3 of them being men-o-war and the other galleons laden with gold and silver. Bonito successfully engaged the Spanish in a running duel capturing the Latin ships. During the battle, „Devonshire was extensively damaged and Bonito decided to load his treasure on a Spanish ship,“Relampago“, which he sailed to Coco’s and buried his treasure in a tunnel some 35 feet long.

Bonito’s activities were common knowledge and complaints had been made to the British Admiralty, which despatched a warship to deal with him. However Bonito engaged the man-o-war and defeated it. Eventually he was cornered in the Bay of Buena Ventura after his ship had been sunk. Bonito and his crew were taken to England where they were tried convicted and hanged. Several crewmembers were transported to Tasmania for life. Amongst them, a young girl named Mary Welch or Welsh told a dramatic story.

She claimed Bonito’s real name was Grahame who had picked her up in Panama several years earlier. It was Mary who started the Queenscilff version of the treasure tale. She claimed the pirates came ashore at Queenscilff, buried the treasure in a cave and dynamited the entrance. Shortly after passing through the heads, they were spotted by a warship, which gave chase. After a running battle they were captured but Bonito blew his brains out on the deck rather than face the gallows.

The amazing part of her story is that after she married and secured her release instead of hunting for the treasure in the Queenscilff area, she sailed off to San Francisco where she raised an expedition to go to Coco’s Island. The maps and documents she had in her possession proved worthless, many historians believe her tale to be nothing more than a fabrication of the imagination.

Kenneth W. Byron wrote a book entitled, „Lost treasures in Australia and New Zealand.“ In it he describes investigations made by Harry Riesberg, who visited the Cathedral at Lima. He found that at no time was there a war between Chile and Peru. He was astounded when a priest pointed to a life-size effigy of the Virgin Mary, and also discovered that at no time had the Cathedral been plundered. The British Admiralty has no records regarding the capture of Benito Bonito, his trial, execution or even the transportation of prisoners to Tasmania.

Treasure and the thought of instant wealth and riches are sufficient excuse for wealthy individuals to indulge themselves in making a quick profit, especially if the story, documentation and maps appear to be authentic and credible. Anyone owning such information in those hard times where some individuals begged for a living were assured of living well at the expense of others. Today, people are still being taken in by individuals with a good treasure tale; the only difference is that we now know these people as con-artists.

The Coco’s Islands has attracted many famous individuals to its shores seeking the Lost Loot of Lima. Little has ever been recorded as being found one individual lived on the island for many years with little to show for his efforts. It was reported at one time that the United States Army went in with heavy equipment including bulldozers and found nothing.

Writers on the other hand find the tale a fascinating one in which they will always find a ready market for the tale they wrote about the so-called treasure. However, time, effort and money often spent gathering the information outweighs any remittance they might recover from such a venture. Treasure tales, are at the end of the day, fairy tales for big boys who never grew up. Happy Hunting Alan Hassell Hassell1@hotmail.com

Quelle

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Die Schatzkarte von Robert Louis Stevenson

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The history of the book’s development says the map was drawn in the winter of 1881 by the author, Robert Louis Stevenson, as part of a game to keep his vacationing stepson entertained.  The map became the focal point for the tale which ultimately became Stevenson’s first–and perhaps most famous–book.  Today, I look carefully at the old map and buried there near the western coastline of the island among all of the scribbling is an „X“ labeled with the phrase:

Bulk of Treasure

Redezeit: Ina Knobloch über das Geheimnis der Schatzinsel